Frankenstein by Mary Shelley: A Classic Novel in PDF Format
Frankenstein is a novel by Mary Shelley, first published in 1818, that tells the story of Victor Frankenstein, a young scientist who creates a grotesque creature in an unorthodox experiment. The novel is considered one of the earliest examples of science fiction and a masterpiece of Gothic horror.
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If you are looking for a PDF version of Frankenstein by Mary Shelley in Romanian, you have come to the right place. In this article, we will provide you with some information about the novel, its author, and its themes, as well as some links to download or read it online for free.
About the Novel
Frankenstein by Mary Shelley is composed of letters and narratives from different perspectives, mainly from Victor Frankenstein and his creature. The novel begins with a series of letters from Robert Walton, an explorer who is sailing to the North Pole, to his sister Margaret Saville. Walton encounters Victor Frankenstein, who is near death and tells him his story.
Victor Frankenstein was born in Geneva, Switzerland, to a wealthy and loving family. He developed a passion for natural philosophy and chemistry, and went to study at the University of Ingolstadt in Germany. There, he became obsessed with the idea of creating life from dead matter, and secretly conducted experiments in his laboratory. He succeeded in animating a human-like creature, but was horrified by its appearance and fled from it.
The creature, abandoned and lonely, wandered around the world, seeking companionship and understanding. He learned to speak and read by observing a family of cottagers in France, but was rejected by them and other humans because of his monstrous appearance. He also learned that he was created by Victor Frankenstein, and decided to seek him out and demand justice.
The creature confronted Victor Frankenstein and asked him to create a female companion for him, promising to leave humanity alone if his request was granted. Victor Frankenstein agreed, but later destroyed his second creation, fearing that she would be even more evil than the first one. The creature swore revenge on Victor Frankenstein and killed his best friend Henry Clerval and his bride Elizabeth Lavenza on their wedding night. Victor Frankenstein pursued the creature to the Arctic, where he met Robert Walton and told him his story before dying.
The novel ends with the creature appearing on Walton's ship and lamenting over Victor Frankenstein's corpse. He declared that he would kill himself by burning himself on a funeral pyre in the remotest region of the earth. He then departed into the darkness.
About the Author
Mary Shelley was born in 1797 in London, England, to two prominent intellectuals: Mary Wollstonecraft, a feminist writer and philosopher, and William Godwin, a political philosopher and novelist. She grew up in a stimulating environment of literature and radical ideas, but also faced hardships such as the death of her mother shortly after her birth, her father's remarriage to a hostile stepmother, and her own ill health.
In 1814, at the age of 16, she eloped with Percy Bysshe Shelley, a poet and a married man who was one of her father's admirers. They traveled around Europe with their friends, including Lord Byron, another famous poet. In 1816, they spent a summer near Geneva, Switzerland, where they participated in a contest to write the best horror story. Mary Shelley came up with the idea of Frankenstein after having a nightmare about a scientist who created a hideous creature.
Mary Shelley published Frankenstein anonymously in 1818, when she was 20 years old. The novel was an instant success and became a classic of English literature. However, Mary Shelley faced many tragedies in her life, such as the death of three of her four children, the suicide of her half-sister Fanny Imlay, the drowning of her husband Percy Bysshe Shelley in 1822, and her own struggles with depression and illness. She died in 1851 at the age of 53.
Themes and Analysis
Frankenstein by Mary Shelley explores many themes that are relevant to this day, such as:
The dangers of scientific hubris and ambition: Victor Frankenstein's pursuit of creating life without considering the moral implications or the responsibility towards his creation leads to disastrous consequences for himself and others.
The nature of humanity and monstrosity: The creature is rejected by his creator and society because of his physical appearance, but he shows more compassion and intelligence than many humans. He is driven to violence and revenge by his loneliness and suffering, but he also feels remorse and guilt for his actions.
The role of family and society: Victor Frankenstein's family provides him with love and support, but he neglects them in favor of his scientific endeavors. The creature longs for a family and a place in society, but he is denied both by his creator and by other humans. He tries to find solace in literature and nature, but he is ultimately alienated from both.
The power of nature and the sublime: The novel depicts the beauty and the terror of nature, as well as its influence on the characters' emotions and actions. The sublime is a concept that refers to the awe and the fear that one feels when confronted with something that is vast, powerful, and incomprehensible, such as the Alps, the Arctic, or the creature.
Download or Read Frankenstein by Mary Shelley in PDF Format
If you are interested in reading Frankenstein by Mary Shelley in PDF format, you can find several options online. Here are some links that you can use to download or read the novel for free:
[Frankenstein [full text].pdf - Google Sheets]: This link will take you to a Google Sheets document that contains the full text of Frankenstein by Mary Shelley in English. You can download it as a PDF file or read it online.
[Frankenstein - Mary Shelley PDF Carte PDF - Citești instant]: This link will take you to a website that provides information about the novel, its author, and its themes, as well as a link to download it as a PDF file in Romanian.
[Frankenstein - Mary Shelley PDF Carte PDF - Citești instant]: This link will take you to another website that provides information about the novel, its author, and its themes, as well as a link to download it as a PDF file in Romanian.
We hope that this article has helped you learn more about Frankenstein by Mary Shelley and how to access it in PDF format. Happy reading!